TRECC strengthens the International Cocoa Initiative’s capacity to promote quality of education

Under a new partnership arrangement, TRECC will build the International Cocoa Initiative’s (ICI) internal capabilities to innovate, test, define and evolve good practices in tackling child labor through improving quality of education and promoting children’s rights in cocoa communities. It will reinforce a comprehensive Monitoring and Evaluation function and will help train ICI’s staff and partners across various disciplines.

Clara SanchizTRECC strengthens the International Cocoa Initiative’s capacity to promote quality of education
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Leveraging business investments to achieve changes in education

Written by Gaël Lescornec, Partnership Advisor, World Cocoa Foundation and Fabio Segura, Head of International Programs, Jacobs Foundation. This article originally appeared on the World Cocoa Foundation’s website

What is the first thing that comes to mind when you think of a company investing in education? School buildings with a company logo? Smiling children on the cover of glossy brochures?

What if things could be different? What if there was a way to leverage business investments to contribute to the systemic change needed to achieve our Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) on education?

Clara SanchizLeveraging business investments to achieve changes in education
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Neuroscience in rural areas: Gathering evidence to meet literacy challenges

Plenty of research has looked at how kids learn to read, but most studies have focused on children who attend school consistently. In places like the cocoa-growing villages of Ivory Coast, where access to education is sporadic, how do children learn? Cognitive neuroscientist Kaja Jasinska is working with TRECC in a first-of-its kind project to produce evidence to guide education policy. Using neuroimaging technology with children in cocoa communities, she is looking at an understudied aspect of learning: brain development in communities at high risk of illiteracy. We interviewed her about the many ways in which this research can contribute to transforming education.

Q: What is the goal of your research?

A: My research seeks to understand how children learn to read in communities that have a very high risk of illiteracy. We know that learning to read requires quality education – meaning a teacher who can instruct the child and age-appropriate reading materials (books). Without that, simply put, literacy does not happen. What we’re trying to understand is how children learn in the absence of quality education, or with inconsistent access to education. Many children in rural areas in Ivory Coast do not attend school regularly. This is due to many factors, one of which is the prevalence of child labor in cocoa farming.

Our research team looks at literacy from a neurodevelopmental perspective. Rather than evaluating learning in terms of grade levels or primary school completion, we look at a child’s success in mastering all of the important building blocks of literacy. Reading is truly a complex, multifaceted task that requires the ability to identify and manipulate the sounds of language (termed phonological awareness), vocabulary, and cognitive abilities such as attention and memory. These skills are all important predictors of reading attainment.

Clara SanchizNeuroscience in rural areas: Gathering evidence to meet literacy challenges
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Beyond business as usual: TRECC partners with eight cocoa and chocolate companies to transform education in rural communities

The world’s largest cocoa and chocolate companies have joined an international child and youth development program with the goal of transforming education in rural communities. These innovative partnerships launched in 2018 will achieve measurable impact by improving quality of education and enhancing its relevance within industry sustainability strategies.

Under the roof of the Transforming Education in Cocoa Communities (TRECC) program, Barry Callebaut, Blommer, Caboz, Cargill, Cémoi, Hershey, Mars and Mondelēz International will engage in the implementation of the most comprehensive quality education effort to date in Ivory Coast.

The initiative will test 10 proven models from around the world on topics related to education and child development in Ivory Coast. The interventions will address children of all ages and their caregivers as well as youth starting their professional lives. Activities include parenting skills trainings in nutrition, hygiene and play as well as primary school dynamizing and financial literacy courses for youth, among other initiatives. It is a competitive selection of models based on solid evidence, endorsed by the Ivorian Government and monitored by Innovations for Poverty Action.

The parties have committed to scaling the activities that yield good results. The models could be incorporated into the Government’s education policies, and TRECC and the involved cocoa and chocolate companies have also conveyed an engagement to scale up successful models.

TRECC is a unique collaboration between an industry, a government and several for-purpose organizations to achieve a UN Sustainable Development Goal. The program is meant to transform the education system by testing and promoting innovative interventions and pave the way for a new form of philanthropy.

Another important goal of these partnerships is to enhance the role of quality education within industry sustainability strategies. TRECC aims for cocoa partners to internalize the business case for quality education and to think of the integration of education into their community development activities.

The initiative will reach up to 80,000 children and youth in an estimated 150 communities across cocoa growing regions in Ivory Coast over the next four years to provide quality education. Most projects will be implemented by international development organizations, some by local organizations and some by the companies themselves. The total amount committed to this initiative amounts to over USD 8.5 million.

TRECC’s impactful intervention

Barry Callebaut, the world’s leading manufacturer of chocolate and cocoa products, will implement trainings to improve parent’s knowledge and skills on how to prevent and protect their children from maltreatment, including child labour, with international organization ICS SP. Another important component of their activities will be bridging classes, which will help out-of-school children to get back into school, and ensure the implication of stakeholders into quality education. This part of the program will be implemented by local organization École pour tous.

Blommer, in partnership with Hershey, will focus on boosting early childhood development through two models: one on improved nutrition and hygiene and another one on play and stimulation. Both models follow a scalable, community-based approach. Helen Keller International will train health workers and volunteers on early childhood development practices with the support of PATH. An outreach campaign for family caregivers will focus on giving children a better start to life by ensuring they are clean, nutritiously fed, nurtured and stimulated. This intervention is meant to integrate responsive caregiving and stimulation content into the existing Government nutrition strategy.

As part of the Cargill Cocoa Promise and the company’s approach to community livelihoods, as well as their commitment to the UN Sustainable Development Goals, Cargill will focus on multi-grade-level teaching programs for primary-aged children currently out of school. They will adapt a multi-grade pedagogy model that was successfully implemented in rural low-resource environments in India to provide a solution to communities lacking infrastructure and personnel. The approach, developed by RiverTIDE and co-implemented with the International Cocoa Initiative, enables up to 150 early primary school students in five communities to attend lessons developed in alignment with the national curriculum. Furthermore, technology is employed to enhance the educational experience as well as to monitor teachers’ presence and reinforce their pedagogical skills.

CABOZ, a Swiss-Ivorian company specialized in sourcing cocoa directly from small holder farmers, together with the Hanns R. Neumann Foundation will implement a program to provide youth with agricultural and life skills training, so they can improve their livelihoods and find meaningful employment in rural areas. Project participants will receive training on farming selected crops as a business and implement the learned practices with the help of trained facilitators.

Cémoi, together with J-PAL Europe and the Ivorian Government, will implement a teaching at the right level model to boost literacy and numeracy at primary school level as part of their Transparence Cacao initiative. The program has been evaluated by a series of randomized evaluations in India, Kenya and Ghana, showing that teaching to the level of the child results in large, strong, positive impacts on children’s learning outcomes. The intervention works by testing students’ levels and then regrouping them based on these levels, supplying appropriate material and adopting a new pedagogical style so as to make classes more interactive. The model is meant to give teachers the tools to lead more dynamic lessons where children are educated with activities that are engaging and suitable to their actual level, helping them to catch up.

Hershey will focus on life skills development, including social and financial education, entrepreneurial, and leadership skills. Its program, implemented by Aflatoun International, aims to unlock the potential of young people in cocoa-growing communities in Ivory Coast, so they become agents of change in their own lives through a comprehensive Life Skills and Financial Education program. It includes a technical training component focused on cocoa farming and setting up businesses in cocoa communities.

Mondelēz International will focus on fostering early childhood development and engage and train caregivers around positive parenting practices. Beyond the training of parents, the International Rescue Committee (IRC), READ Global and IREX will set up community library and resource centers to promote learning, education and access to information in rural areas for all community members. The centers are designed to be financially self-supporting to sustainably foster healthy learning and supportive environments for all individuals, particularly children and youth.

Mars will promote parental involvement so that younger children can have strong relationships with their parents. ICS SP and CARE will implement a model where caregivers will be trained with the goal of enhancing educational outcomes, promoting age appropriate parenting and reducing child maltreatment. A group of community-level promoters will become skillful parenting facilitators so they can disseminate best parenting practices locally.

This is the second set of partnerships TRECC initiated with the chocolate industry. In the previous initiative, Mars, Nestlé, Mondelēz International and Barry Callebaut set up similar initiatives in Ivorian cocoa communities. Building on these two sets of partnerships, TRECC is committed to deepening its engagement with Ivorian society by working with the cocoa and chocolate industry. Future collaborations will also bundle effective, evidence-based education models with the industry’s on-going interventions on the ground and contributing to building an ecosystem around quality education in Ivory Coast.


Clara SanchizBeyond business as usual: TRECC partners with eight cocoa and chocolate companies to transform education in rural communities
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